Each province has jurisdiction over the public education system and curriculum. As a result, you can expect more differences in each province’s education system (types of programs offered, minimum and maximum age requirements, etc.), but the similarities between these systems far outweigh the differences.
Structure of the Canadian Education System
Canadian education is generally divided into four levels of preschool or early childhood education. primary or primary education; Secondary and Higher Education, is classified as:
- 9th grade (ages 14-15)
- 10th grade (ages 15-16)
- Year 11 (ages 16-17)
- Grade 12 (17-18)
- Pre elementary
Pre elementary or “Kindergarten” is the first stage of education in Canada provided to children between the ages of 4 and 5 before entering primary school. This is mandatory in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, but optional in other countries.
Offered by a public, private, or federal school depending on where you choose to send your child. In most regions, the first year of pre-primary education is public and free, and in some provinces, such as Quebec, where there are free kindergartens for low-income families or children with disabilities, the period of additional education is free. The curriculum taught at
Pre-Kindergarten in Canada is comfortable and offers young learners the opportunity to learn basic skills such as the alphabet, counting, reading ahead, music, art and playing with others. This program is specially designed to prepare children for the next level, elementary school!
- Primary Education
Primary education or primary school in Canada is compulsory for children, generally starting in grade 1 at the age of 6 or 7 and continuing through grade 6 between the ages of 11 and 12.
In Canada, students at this level of education typically have only one teacher teaching all subjects with the same students in the same class. Special education classes are also available. The elementary curriculum covers subjects such as reading, math, English (French in Quebec), history, science, music, social studies, physical education and the arts. The difficulty of the class increases as students progress through the class.
- Secondary Education
Secondary education in Canada consists of two stages: middle school and high school. An incomplete secondary school or secondary education follows immediately after graduating from primary school. This is a two-year course that includes 7th and 8th grades. These two years offer students the opportunity to adapt to changing classes and teachers throughout the day. The purpose of this stage is to help students better prepare for the next stage of study
In Canada, students at this level of education typically have only one teacher teaching all subjects with the same students in the same class. Special education classes are also available. The complexity of the course is expected to increase significantly.
High School is the final part of secondary education that comes when students reach grade 8 and stay at that level for four years until grade 11 or 12 (1618 depending on the student’s circumstances and location). Law requires students to remain in school until they turn 16, regardless of what grade they are in after age 16. Ontario and New Brunswick laws require students to remain in school until they turn 18 or receive their high school diploma. In Quebec, secondary education ends in the eleventh grade followed by a two-year pre-university program commonly known as a Cegep. The 4,444 Canadian high schools have carefully and thoughtfully designed their curriculum to best prepare their students for higher education. Some states also offer vocational training at the high school level.
- 4. Higher Education
College and University, Canadian students have the opportunity to apply to college upon graduation from high school. Universities in Canada usually refer to small community colleges or specific vocational schools. Many students in Canada go on to college, where they earn credits that better prepare them for college and transfer them.
Canadian universities have the same structure as the United States and are the destination of higher education where students can obtain bachelor’s degrees in various subjects. Quality of Education… Public universities are primarily funded by the local government, with the remainder from minimum tuition and research grants, and some from the federal government.
Other Education in Canada
- Vocational Schools
In addition to community colleges that provide vocational training, students have the opportunity to pursue vocational studies at technical schools located throughout Canada. A few years ago, these programs did not require students to have a high school diploma, but a lot has changed in recent years. The Vocational School allows Canadian students to study a specific career that interests them and gain hands-on experience under the guidance of a professional and qualified instructor.
- Private Schools
There are also private schools in Canada. This means that tuition fees are often high without government support. It is up to parents and students to decide whether these investments should be made. Some parents feel that their child needs lower grades, more attention, or wants to send their child to a particular school for personal reasons. In Quebec, people who do not want to study French and can afford it often choose private schools.
- 3. Religious Schools
If you want to send your child to a religious school in Canada, you must send your child to a private school, with the exception of some Catholic schools. The school teaches both the regular school curriculum and the religious curriculum.
4.Compulsory education age:
The age of compulsory education in Canada varies from state to state. The youngest of them is between the ages of 5 and 7 (Manitoba) who can legally attend school.
16 is usually the last year students remain in school by law, but some states, such as Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Manitoba, require Canadian students to remain in school until age 18.
5.What languages are taught in Canada?
The two official languages of Canada are English and French. International students are given the option to study in any language, and many schools in Canada offer classes in both languages.
Although French is widely spoken throughout Canada, in most Canada English is the primary language of schooling. However, in Quebec, students must attend school entirely in French until they graduate from high school, and Canadian students can only study in English under certain special circumstances, such as staying in Quebec for a temporary period.
In general, newcomers and immigrants to Quebec must attend school in French and are only offered the opportunity to study in English in a private school.